Cuban Missile Crisis | A win-win event of the History

Updated: Nov 16, 2021

In Jan 1959, Fidel Castro outsets the corrupt and authoritarian government of Fulgencio Batista and placed the foundation of the communist regime in Cuba. The event is also known as Cuban Revolution. Geographically, Cuba, the island, was only approx. Ninety miles from Florida, its transition to the communist system and the born proximity to the Soviet Union was the same as the bee on the nose for the US.


During that era, the president, Eisenhower, administration foreign policy was to revert the old regime in Cube, which the newly elected president John F Kennedy continued. In April 1961, president Kennedy sent the fourteen hundred exiled insurgents to back cube with the surety of Aerial support to them. However, the plan failed because the support was not given, and the Cuban army defeated them. The reason for not sending support was the fear of soviet retaliation in another part of the world and the further escalation of tensions between the two superpowers.


Afterward, to protect the communist regime in the future, the USSR deployed the long-range potential nuclear carrying missiles to Cuba, which was confirmed by the photographs taken by the US Spy Plane. The tensions culminated due to the immediate missile to US territory was a threat to not only her but also to the whole western hemisphere sovereignty. Historians refer to that event as the “Two nations on the brink of war” because this was the only event wherein the chances of the war were too high.

When the confrontation became evident to much extent, the two options were given by John F Kennedy’s advisors either to attack or accept the Nuclear in Cuba. However, instead of following the suggestions, Kennedy provided a resolution based on three components if USSR removed its Nuclear warheads from Cuba. First, the US will never invade it. Second, a 24 hours’ ultimatum and warning were given that the attack was evident if the missiles were not removed. Lastly, the kind of exchange offer that if the USSR displaced missiles from Cuba, the US would remove the missiles from Turkey within six months. (Allison, June 15, 2012)


The brinkmanship of Kennedy was proved because Nikita Khrushchev accepted the pledge Kennedy and the clouds of war had vanished. However, according to some, Nikita was acted prudently because the USSR achieved what was in her interest; Cuba had been secured by future maneuverability. Moreover, the nuclear disparity was also evident between the US and USSR, which can explain why it was prudency of Nikita to accept Kennedy’s offer. For example, in 1962, the US had an abundance of nuclear stockpiles compared to the USSR, which means the if the war happened, America had the vital edge over the Soviets. (Nuclear Weapons, n.d.).


As this was the most important event of world history because the two powers upholding nuclear were on the brink of war, the world's destruction could happen. John F Kennedy proved his morality and intellectualness by preventing the war and securing peace. On the other hand, Nikita Khrushchev must also be credited for avoiding the stand-off and not bringing the doomsday.


References:

(n.d.). In G. KRUTZ, American Government 2e (p. 637). Openstax .

Allison, G. (June 15, 2012). At 50, the Cuban Missile Crisis as Guide. New york Times.

Nuclear Weapon . (n.d.). Retrieved from Our World in Data: https://ourworldindata.org/nuclear-weapons