Updated: Nov 16, 2021
If the USA is the oldest democracy, slavery has been abolished, feminism is being surged, and liberalism was emerged as the advocator of equal rights, John Locke must have the huge piece of the pie of credit for his exceptional philosophy and contribution.
An enlightenment philosopher and the pioneer of the notions of constitutional democracy, John Locke, predominately asserted that the political system must be based upon equality where religion should not be inclusive.
John Locke was an English Philosopher, and an Oxford graduate who had his degree in science, and a close friend of great scientists Robert Boyle and Sir Isaac Newton. The circumstances forced him to observed nature and its reality, and the pattern of morality on which a true polity can be formed. He wrote his first remarkable essay, which plummeted his fame exponentially, named “Concerning Human Understanding” in which he finds out the reasons how human comes to opinions and generate knowledge.
The nutshell of John Locke's philosophy was he advocated equality under a political system. According to him, the political system is a system in which the standards of morality exist, and equal treatment is given to all people. His thoughts regarding the polity are known as “Liberalism.”
Locke's conceptions and writing inspired many people and revolutionized the world. During the American Revolution, the founding fathers chose the ideology of John Locke as the fundamental bedrock on which the United States was formed. Thomas Jefferson, later president, quoted in the declaration of independence that “All men are created equal” which was the Locke philosophy impact on the revolutionary top brass. Moreover, the influence of Locke was not only on the American land but also rampant in Europe. The French revolution was also the charismatic effect of his Idea of politics.
In John Locke's views, religion is a binding force rather than the dividing, and the peaceful co-existence of multi-religion and multi-culture is the true spirit of democracy. Through religion, the moral standards are set, and later whatever happened is in the purview of Morality. For example, the absolute molarity standards are set naturally because if it is not, in the future, owing to the core principle couldn’t be shaped, uncertainty will exist. The people will set out any standards if they wouldn’t have any base standards of society. Thus, the existence of religion plays a fundamental role in morality.
Although his philosophy was admired by the religious perspective, he was against the inclusion of religion in politics. According to his views, religion must be outside the realm of politics. He has a solid reason for that. Because he believed that every individual has an absolute equal right, the religion inclusive polity could be based on bigotry and can be used as a tool to oppress. Nonetheless, religion fundamentally advocated equal rights but has no place in politics.
Locke in the contemporary world:
There was a time when Locke’s thoughts enlighten the world, but in contemporary his conception and theories seemingly are ineffective. Locke’s views were the peaceful co-existence between different races, cultures, and religions. These notions were first advocated by Woodrow Wilson on a global scale and the subsequent impact was a league of the nation followed by the United Nation. Owing to Locke’s powerful concept the democratic norms prevailed and the liberal concept of existence emerged, However, today the Westerners themselves are contradicting Locke’s ideologies.
The world is witnessing hatred against other religions such as Islamophobia. The polarization and the nation’s trajectory to different opposite ends are being evident. Once, the US, who promoted globalization, now itself has engaged in the trade war. The Brexit has been done, and the right-wing is being triumphant. If we trace the current scenario, the world, which adopted Locke’s views heartedly, is reverting the vision.